A well-functioning Ethics Infrastructure supports a public sector environment which encourages high standards of behaviour. Each function and elements is a separate, important building block, but the individual elements should be complementary and mutually reinforcing. The elements need to interact to achieve the necessary synergy to become a coherent and integrated infrastructure. The elements of infrastructure can be categorised according to the main functions serve more than one function.
- Guidance is provided by strong commitment from political leadership; statements of values such as codes of conduct; and professional socialisation activities such as education and training.
- Management can be realised through co-ordination by a special body or an existing central management agency, and through public service conditions, management policies and practices.
- Control is assured primarily through a legal framework enabling independent investigation and prosecution; effective accountability and control mechanisms; transparency, public involvement and scrutiny. The ideal mix and degree of these functions will depend on the cultural and political-administrative milieu of each country.